New Kent County - Four Centuries of Historic Driving Tours 

Green v School Board of New Kent County 1968  Driving Tour 

George W. Watkins School



By 1968, the U.S. Supreme Court had lost patience with the slow pace of school integration. In New Kent County, Virginia, under a freedom-of-choice plan, 15 percent of the County's black students chose to attend mostly white New Kent High School but 85 percent of blacks and no whites attended George W. Watkins School. A lawsuit brought by Calvin Green contended that such freedom-of-choice plans made desegregation a sham. The court used Green v. School Board of New Kent County to decree a new approach. It became the most important school desegregation case since Brown in 1954. Not satisfied with token compliance, the court shifted its concern "to ensure racial balance in schools." The "Green" factors used to determine whether a desegregation plan was acceptable included the ratio of black to white students and faculty, and absolute equality in facilities, transportation, and extracurricular activities. Freedom-of-choice plans, whether in Virginia or elsewhere, did not meet the Court's new standards and were unanimously rejected. The Court's insistence on immediately destroying segregated schools "root and branch" hastened the pace of change. The percentage of southern black students attending integrated schools jumped from 32 percent in 1968–69 to 79 percent in 1970–71.

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Captain John Smith Capture and Travels 1607-08  Driving Tour

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James Lafayette - Spy of the American Revolution

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JEB Stuart’s Ride Around the Union Army 1862
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Green v School Board of New Kent County 1968


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